Bibliography

 

Almighty.co.za. (2018). Seeds of Truth // Making the disposable coffee cup disappear. [online] Available at: http://www.almighty.co.za/awards/2014/cannes/seeds_of_truth/ [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].

Benesse Art Site Naoshima. (2018). Lee Ufan Museum | Art | Benesse Art Site Naoshima. [online] Available at: http://benesse-artsite.jp/en/art/lee-ufan.html [Accessed 20 Nov. 2018].

designboom | architecture & design magazine. (2017). shell mycelium: a degradation movement manifesto in architecture. [online] Available at: https://www.designboom.com/architecture/shell-mycelium-degradation-movement-manifesto-07-25-2017/ [Accessed 14 Oct. 2017].

Design Indaba. (2018). On the future of food, fashion and eating our environmental problems away | Design Indaba. [online] Available at: http://www.designindaba.com/articles/creative-work/future-food-fashion-and-eating-our-environmental-problems-away [Accessed 19 Nov. 2017].

Edward Burtynsky. (2017). Home Page. [online] Available at: https://www.edwardburtynsky.com [Accessed 15 Oct. 2017].

Etherington, R. (2018). Xylinum by Jannis Hülsen | Dezeen. [online] Dezeen. Available at: https://www.dezeen.com/2012/03/06/xylinum-by-jannis-hulsen/ [Accessed 18 Nov. 2017].

Fedrigoni.co.uk. (n.d.). Fedrigoni. [online] Available at: http://www.fedrigoni.co.uk [Accessed 15 Nov. 2017].

Greer, B. (2018). Romantic Living Sculptures : living sculptures. [online] TrendHunter.com. Available at: https://www.trendhunter.com/trends/living-sculptures [Accessed 22 Nov. 2017].

Kickstarter. (2013). AIR-INK: The world’s first ink made out of air pollution. [online] Available at: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1295587226/air-ink-the-worlds-first-ink-made-out-of-air-pollu [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].

Library of Things. (2018). about. [online] Available at: https://www.libraryofthings.co.uk/about/ [Accessed 11 Nov. 2017].

TextileArtist.org. (2018). 6 Textile artists using recycled materials – TextileArtist.org. [online] Available at: https://www.textileartist.org/textile-artists-using-recycled-materials/ [Accessed 16 Nov. 2017].

Remyveenhuizen.nl. (2013). Ragchair | Tejo Remy & René Veenhuizen. [online] Available at: http://www.remyveenhuizen.nl/work/furniture/ragchair [Accessed 14 Oct. 2017].

Tedresearch.net. (2018). 4 – Design to Reduce Energy and Water Use « Textiles Environment Design. [online] Available at: http://www.tedresearch.net/4-reduce-energy-and-water-use/ [Accessed 16 Nov. 2017].

Thwaites, T. (2018). How I built a toaster — from scratch. [online] Ted.com. Available at: https://www.ted.com/talks/thomas_thwaites_how_i_built_a_toaster_from_scratch [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].

Initial Ideas

INK and PAPER

The most wasted materials and consumed energy during the process of Graphic design

&

ADVERTISE PRODUCT DESIGN MAGAZINE DESIGN

PACKAGE DESIGN

Sepecific graphic design filed which could cause a huge amount of waste

 

1. Recyclable paper&ink

During the process of graphic design, we do loads of pre-print out. At that point, we consume huge amout of inks and papers at the same time. Based on this problem, I had a rough idea. Invest new ink&paper which is unlimited recyclable for pre-print out. After print out, it will disappear to re-use it.

2. Adverts printed out with special ink which reacts to CO2 on the street

These days air pollution is one of the biggest in the world. Especially big cities such as London, Newyork, Hongkong. Inspired by this urban problem, I thought what if we design an advert about eco-friendly graphic poster with a ink which reacts to the CO2 on the massive outdoor billboard on the street which appears a massive traffic jam. When there’s high percentage of CO2 on the air, a phrase will come up such as “When you see this phrase it means that you are breathing serious polluted air.” This will aware people seriousness of air pollution.

Self Evaluation

Before this class, I didn’t know what I should think as a designer and I was always wondering what designers can do for better society and nature. Through 8 weeks of Expanded Practice classes, it was a great experience for me to think what designers should think and consider as a part of the world.

Overall, Ted’s ten strategies taught me what to think not only aesthetic part, but also other part as a person to put effort into the world. Also lots of examples from other part such as interior design and textile design were very interesting and helpful for me to explore various design parts.

There were some part that I was especially inspired. Firstly, Design Activism (10) from Ted’s changed my state of mind. All the time I wanted to do something with my graphic design skills for environment or ethical support, but I didn’t think there’s anything I could do. Last year, I wrote an essay about an artwork collaboration with graphic brand and environment organisation “Sea Shepherd” which helps and support to save whales. During the process of writing I felt the necessity to do something for environment. At that moment, I thought things that I could do would be useless for them. But at the Design Activism lecture, I saw some examples such as #30 wears, Climate Optimise which are an action that ordinary people do with their social network or small action on their daily life. Before I knew these activism, I thought Design activism is the only people who are influential or famous could do. Surprisingly, it was very easy and close from my daily life  and also these action has a bigger power of influence to other people than I thought. And so I decided to design graphic posters which represent political, ethical, environmental issues.

And at Design that explores clean/better Technologies (5) and Design that Takes Models from Nature&History helped me to explore various materials. Actually when I do graphic design, there’s not many opportunities for me to investigate materials because almost the whole final works come in the form of digital format and printed out. Fortunately, at the expanded lecture I found very interesting organic materials to use on my works. Colour differences through the chemical reaction of bacteria or make fabric from fruits or vegetables..These materials that I have never thought of before .These references will be used as a great inspiration for my future works.

The reason that I decided Sustainable Design is that I want to work Fashion graphic part at    Fashion brand. Frankly, it was quite hard for me to understand technical terms and scientific approach. But it was so great opportunity for me to learn about fashion&textile. If I have enough time to develop my rough idea, I would like to develop my current idea and make an exhibition with various artists from various fields such as fine art, graphic, performance, interior design, textile design even musicians too. And all artworks should made of only sustainable and organic materials.

10/11/17 Lecture 4

Today’s lecture was about natural, technology, science with Ted’s (6)Look at models from nature and history and (5) Explores clear and better technology.

Jolt Van Abbema “Symbiosis” 2009 : Graphic poster with colour differences of bacteria’s chemical reaction.

 

 

 

 

“Xylinum Chair” by Jannis Huelsen  : A chair created with bacteria.

 

 

 

 

 

A framework for designing with the living

 

 

 

 

 

Synthetic Biology :  Emerge living organism with clothes materials. Combining biotechnology, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, systems biology and biophysics.

  • Amy Congdon, Bio Nouveau Collection(2013)
  • Bolt Threads
  • Shames Aden, Amoeba Trainer (2012)
  • Rachel Armstrong, Living Architecture

 

Design that takes models from history

  • Fabric Lab(2017) UN/FOLD : Heritage craft from 2013. They aim to keep traditional Chinese craft and technology with local market. Also they tried to expand local resources and their own life styles.
  • Formafantasma, Autarchy Vessels (2010) / Botanica (2011)

 

Design that explores cleaner and better technology

  • “IAAC Barcelona ” Anna Kulik, Luder Prakash, Singh Shergill, and Peter Novikov, Stone Spray Robot (2013)
  • “Ice House” Clouds AO and Search (2015)
  • “Ark Nova” Anish Kapoor and Arata Isozaki (2013)

 

*Personal Research

Rei Nishizawa “Teshima Art Museum” : They exhibit water droplet at the moment of landing. The interior of this building is an organic shape with no ceiling on the top. This design allows the audience to feel the wind, sound, and light of nature and let people to communicate with nature. Also at this top of architecture, water continuously drops to the ground during a day. So the audiences can enjoy and feel the nature with their various physical senses.

Cardboard Animal Sculptures

This is one of decorative art pieces which is made of wasteful material organic plants.

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

Etherington, R. (2018). Xylinum by Jannis Hülsen | Dezeen. [online] Dezeen. Available at: https://www.dezeen.com/2012/03/06/xylinum-by-jannis-hulsen/ [Accessed 18 Nov. 2017].

Benesse Art Site Naoshima. (2018). Lee Ufan Museum | Art | Benesse Art Site Naoshima. [online] Available at: http://benesse-artsite.jp/en/art/lee-ufan.html [Accessed 20 Nov. 2018].

Greer, B. (2018). Romantic Living Sculptures : living sculptures. [online] TrendHunter.com. Available at: https://www.trendhunter.com/trends/living-sculptures [Accessed 22 Nov. 2017].

03/11/17 Lecture 3

Wicked problem contains loss of biodiversity, decline of natural resources, widening the gap between rich and poor etc. All these problems are interconnected and related. So there’s not only a single solution to solve wicked problem. We need to consider all theses relations between those and figure the way out.

•Supply Chain mapping :  Visualised map about the way of transporting materials

• The toaster project by Thomas Thwaites(2009)

• How can product can be cheaper/ make products simple by Thomas Thwaites(2009)

•Fair phone 2017 :  Disassemble actual phone and fid out where are they came from. Also think about sustainable ingredients which can replace to actual material.

Climate change

Well below 2c-paris agreement to keep global warming to ‘well below 2c’: the global average temperature is now about 1 celsius hotter than preindustrial times. totally the world’s temperature is getting hotter. this problem is local and global context/

The agency FUTERRA:  create sustainability work agency

Climate optimist:

 

 

Way to communicate sustainability : the agency of design- the climate design/ JOHN  AKOMFRAH-BARBICAN : 2017 purple

 

Design to reduce chemical impacts

nettle/jute/sisal & ramie/flax/… : natural material for products

(ex. Christien Meindertsma “flex chair”2016:zero waste designed chair)

(ex. Tamara Orjola- Forest wool 2016)

(ex. Ananas Annam ” Pinatex” 2016 created a fabric without leather and chemical impacts which is quite similar with leather)

(ex. Hyun jin Jeong”Earth Dyeing” 2011-dyed with different soils and made a huge colour scheme)

(ex. Nina Gaultier ”Urtica Nettle Fabrics”2014)

(ex. Cara Piazza “Graduate Collection”2012-find out flowers and natural ingredients from nature)

(ex. Tinctorial Textiles”Raw colour”2014- dyed colours from vegetable)

(ex.De Culinaire Werkplaats ”Eat you clothes”2011)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Design to reduce energy and water use

Global fiber market

Water ice-cream: they collected the water from 100 place and made it into plastic and designed the products cover of ice-cream to visualise how current water pollution is.

“Micro plastics”

Warka water(2012)Arturo vittori

(ex. Solar Sinter 2011-3d printer with solar energy)

*Rough personal idea – find the way to visualise consumption of air pollution such as co2 at home, making data tangible (exhibiting our consumption of polluting air or water any other waste)

TRANSPORT : home local river/ infarm :urban farming

Personal research :

Through the class, I wondered is there any eco friendly brand or products in graphics? And I found two brands which are AIR-INK made from air pollution and fully recyclable paper brand “Fedrigoni”.

 

Bibliography

Fedrigoni.co.uk. (n.d.). Fedrigoni. [online] Available at: http://www.fedrigoni.co.uk [Accessed 15 Nov. 2017].

Kickstarter. (2013). AIR-INK: The world’s first ink made out of air pollution. [online] Available at: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1295587226/air-ink-the-worlds-first-ink-made-out-of-air-pollu [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].

Thwaites, T. (2018). How I built a toaster — from scratch. [online] Ted.com. Available at: https://www.ted.com/talks/thomas_thwaites_how_i_built_a_toaster_from_scratch [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].

Almighty.co.za. (2018). Seeds of Truth // Making the disposable coffee cup disappear. [online] Available at: http://www.almighty.co.za/awards/2014/cannes/seeds_of_truth/ [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].

Tedresearch.net. (2018). 4 – Design to Reduce Energy and Water Use « Textiles Environment Design. [online] Available at: http://www.tedresearch.net/4-reduce-energy-and-water-use/ [Accessed 16 Nov. 2017].

 

13/10/17 Lecture1

On the first lecture of Sustainable design, we learnt about the fundamental concept of Sustainable and the theme of TED’s TEN strategies to Design. Specifically, to minimalise  wasteand design for cyclability.

As a fundamental keyword of Sustainable Design, there are Environmental Space, Circular economy, Fload Circular System, Cyclability and Anthropocene.

To minimalist waste, we can cut out all the fabrics without wasting(zero waste), dematerialising, multi functioning, inventing durable materials.

There were some artists who’ve been working about eco-system. Firstly, the artist Edward Burtinsky who takes top-viewed pictures of the landscape like waterway, or current figure of urban cities.

(Edward Burtynsky, 2017)

Shell mycelium installation was very intrigued for me as well. This is an installation which are made with fungus. After the exhibition, the installation will be disintegrated by mycelium and this process of work represented really well how all of our things even us are born, grow up and die. Life circulation.

(designboom | architecture & design magazine, 2017)

Through this examples and the basic of sustainable design, I started to think about the materials what I’ve been overused during the process of graphic designing. And I realised that especially papers and inks for printing or product design and package design are making huge amount of waste.

During the research, I found really interesting recycled artwork, which is called “Ragchair” by Droog design. This nice textured chair is made by abandoned blankets from people.

(Remyveenhuizen.nl, 2013)

Bibliography

Edward Burtynsky. (2017). Home Page. [online] Available at: https://www.edwardburtynsky.com [Accessed 15 Oct. 2017].

designboom | architecture & design magazine. (2017). shell mycelium: a degradation movement manifesto in architecture. [online] Available at: https://www.designboom.com/architecture/shell-mycelium-degradation-movement-manifesto-07-25-2017/ [Accessed 14 Oct. 2017].

Remyveenhuizen.nl. (2013). Ragchair | Tejo Remy & René Veenhuizen. [online] Available at: http://www.remyveenhuizen.nl/work/furniture/ragchair [Accessed 14 Oct. 2017].

17/11/17 Presentation

Based on Lecture 3 “Wicked problems” such as lack of biodiversity, climate chance, ex- haustion of resource, and air pollution I researched two different eco-friendly brand. As a graphic design student, I tried to find out which material is the most frequently used during our ordinary working process. On the process of project, I use loads of paper and ink to print out for not only research, experiment but also to print out draft and final work. Graphic design is very wide field, but mostly we have many print-out works such as poster, album cover, namecard design, product design, logo design etc. Through my expericence and Lecture 3,4 I decided to research about sustainable paper, and ink products.

https://youtu.be/eOZJ2U0KXmY

References

Fedrigoni.co.uk. (n.d.). Fedrigoni. [online] Available at: http://www.fedrigoni.co.uk [Accessed 15 Nov. 2017].

Kickstarter. (2013). AIR-INK: The world’s first ink made out of air pollution. [online] Available at: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1295587226/air-ink-the-worlds-first-ink-made-out-of-air-pollu [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].

20/10/17 Lecture2

Transition design is distance in the following ways:

  • Use living systems theory as an approach to understanding wicked problems
  • Designs solutions that protect and restore both social and natural ecosystems
  • Sees lifestyles as the most fundamental context for design
  • Advocates place-based, globally networked solutions
  • Designs solutions for varying horizons of the time and multiple

Design to dematerialise and develop system &services: Terminology, intentional processes for creating societal change, and predominantly focusing on public services.

  • Sharing economy :  Design for no ownership
  • Hiring and leasing services :

“Library of Things” 2016 : Library of things is a place where people can barrow things they need like kitchenware, gardening tools and also events. They also do 1-1 sessions and workshops. It’s community living architecture which can  not only hiring and also leasing services as well.

  • Open source :

“Wikipedia” : Wikipedia is free online encyclopaedia  which people can get knowledge for free. It is created by volunteers all around the world base with Wikimedia Foundation.

“Wikihouse” : Wikihouse by 00 is a opened source platform to share house  design at London Design Festival. This image is Wikihouse 4.0 which people can build their own architecture  without construction skills.

 

  • Exchange and swap :

“Worn Wear” : Worn Wear is a website from Pantagonia which is  selling clothes that people worn.

  • Repair :

“The Goodlife Centre” :  It is a place which teach people to repair clothes. Also they teach DIY and home maintenance, furniture and restoration, home interiors, sewing, traditional crafts.

 

“Fixed-Fixperts” : It is a group for teaching a human-centred design process in schools and universities. They provide teaching resources and training educators internationally to take advantage of its compelling nature.

At the Repair part, I wanted to know about the artist who works with recycled materials. As an artist who can effect to the audience, it is important to let people realise  how important recycle is for our environment.

 

 

 

 

Louise Baldwin is one of the artists using recycled materials.  She combines used fabrics and papers together to make collaged images.

Also there’s another artist called Su Blackwell, who use old books and used paper. She makes 3 dimensional works with books.

 

 

Planning exhibitions about recycled materials  could be not only just a great way to save the earth, but also great chance to artists as well.

Design to reduce thinned to consume

  • Cathexis: A process of attachment that leads us to think of material possessions as part of the ‘extended self’.(Belk 1988)
  • Max need: A model of human scale development
  • Helen hamlet centre: A place for older people with designs and designing for ageing population
  • DEO: Human centred design the card game /look at different challenges

Design for longevity

  • Product attachment: Pleasure/self-expression-group affiliation/memories by Mugge et al
  • Emotionally durable design
  • Materially  durable design :  For example, design with new material for growing child
  • #30Wears: instagram challenge which encourages people to think about how often people buy clothes and is it necessary- This could be one of Activism as well.
  • Customise
  • Refurbish: The circular Design guide

Design Activism

  • Six different forms which should included in Design activism
  1.  A demonstration artefact
  2.  Act of communication
  3.  Conventional Actions
  4.  A service artifact
  5.  Events
  6.  A protest
  • Buy nothing day by Gran Fury 1989

 

  • “London is changing” by Rebecca ross

  • Carl DiSalvo : “Design for democracy” political theory as a conceptual resource for developing a more sensitive and nuanced understanding of design activism.

  • Thomas Markussen (2012) The disruptive aesthetics of design activism: Enacting design between  art and politics’,- Mainly focusing on some of the basic categories of urban experience : walking, dwelling, playing, gardening, and re-cycling.
  • Interventions in daily life and situation

Ex : “Guerilla gardening” by Richard reynolds

         “Fashion Hacktivism” by  Otto Von Busch

“Hacking is something you do because you love fashion whereas people normally associate hacking with people who stand outside a system – anti-fashion if you like. However I believe it is better to make change from within the system, by not destroying it but building on it,”

-Otto Von Busch
“Mini fashion manifesto” by Craftiest collective 
Personal research about design activism which based in our daily life.

Alexandra Fruhstorfer :Instead of worrying about environmental problems such as alien fish, she simply suggests: eat them. But the cookery actually gives you the story explaining, in graphics on the plates, that by taking certain species out of the environment, you help to bring back another native specie.

Through the research and studying of design activism, I realised that it’s not that hard thing to do. Design Activism is actually very close to us and easy to do. We always need to think and behave for environmental problems in our daily life.

Bibliography

Library of Things. (2018). about. [online] Available at: https://www.libraryofthings.co.uk/about/ [Accessed 11 Nov. 2017].
TextileArtist.org. (2018). 6 Textile artists using recycled materials – TextileArtist.org. [online] Available at: https://www.textileartist.org/textile-artists-using-recycled-materials/ [Accessed 16 Nov. 2017].
Design Indaba. (2018). On the future of food, fashion and eating our environmental problems away | Design Indaba. [online] Available at: http://www.designindaba.com/articles/creative-work/future-food-fashion-and-eating-our-environmental-problems-away [Accessed 19 Nov. 2017].
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